Exosomes are small vesicles that are released from cells within the body. These vesicles can provide a means of cell to cell communication. They can also allow for transportation of cargo between cells. In some instances, the vesicles can even deliver medications to the body. They can transfer types of RNA into cells, which can mediate biological functions through gene regulation. Stem cell derived exosomes can transfer RNA to a recipient cell, which transfers genetic information to these target cells. These exosomes can be as effective as stem cells, and have shown promising results in the treatment of cardiac injury, kidney injury, liver injury, lung injury and wound healing. Stem cell derived exosomes can suppress pro-inflammatory proteins in the body, and increase the concentration of anti-inflammatory proteins. Exosomes can also repair damaged tissue, similar to stem cells.
At Spine & Joint Solutions, the products that we offer than contain exosomes are our amniocyte product and our Wharton’s jelly products. Exosomes can help promote a more regenerative environment surrounding tissue damage and can promote tissue healing.